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A Study on The Sabbath. Hear and obey!

The Hebrew Alphabet – The Letter Zayin (ז) and The Sabbath Rest
The letter Zayin is the seventh (7) letter in the Hebrew alphabet, and it appears in a number of other Semitic language’s alphabets. By way of the ancient Phoenician language, the letter Zayin eventually entered the Greek and Latin alphabets, becoming the letters Zeta and Z, respectively, although its place in the different alphabets changed. The original meaning of the letter Zayin is a “sword” or “sharp weapon”, with the word “lezayen” coming to mean “to be armed” in the Modern Hebrew language.

The root meaning of the Hebrew letter Zayin is interesting in itself. While it means a “sword “or “sharp weapon”, as explained above, the meaning of the word is also connected to food and sustainance. For example, the Modern Hebrew word “mazon” (מזון), meaning “food” or “sustainance”, and the Modern Hebrew word “hazana” (הזנה), meaning “nourishment”, both come from the same root as Zayin. Some scholars say that the meaning behind this is that while pointless bloodshed is certainly not the ideal, we sometimes must fight in order to defend our lives and our way of life.

Just as its literal meaning is complex, the spiritual meaning of the Hebrew letter Zayin is significant, as well. The letter has the numerical value of seven, which has much significance, including the fact that the Sabbath is the seventh and holiest day of the week, and according to Biblical law, the land is meant to lie fallow every seventh year according to a law called “shmita”. As Ziyan is the first letter of the word “zahor” (זכור), meaning to remember, and this is one of two basic commandments of the Sabbath, there seems to be a very strong link between the seventh letter in the Hebrew alphabet and the day of rest!

The sabbath is a weekly day of rest that is to be observed by The Modern Congregation of Melek Gadol Yeshua Ha Mashiyach Ben YHVH (The Great King Jesus Christ Son of God).

The Shemita is to be observed as well on some level.

God’s people are to strive to enter His rest also by faith in Melek Gadol Yeshua.

Heb 4:1 (ESV) Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem to have failed to reach it.
Heb 4:2 For good news came to us just as to them, but the message they heard did not benefit them, because they were not united by faith with those who listened.
Heb 4:3 For we who have believed enter that rest, as he has said, “As I swore in my wrath, ‘They shall not enter my rest,'” although his works were finished from the foundation of the world.
Heb 4:4 For he has somewhere spoken of the seventh day in this way: “And God rested on the seventh day from all his works.”
Heb 4:5 And again in this passage he said, “They shall not enter my rest.”
Heb 4:6 Since therefore it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly received the good news failed to enter because of disobedience,
Heb 4:7 again he appoints a certain day, “Today,” saying through David so long afterward, in the words already quoted, “Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts.”
Heb 4:8 For if Joshua had given them rest, God would not have spoken of another day later on.
Heb 4:9 So then, there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God,
Heb 4:10 for whoever has entered God’s rest has also rested from his works as God did from his.
Heb 4:11 Let us therefore strive to enter that rest, so that no one may fall by the same sort of disobedience.
Heb 4:12 For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.
Heb 4:13 And no creature is hidden from his sight, but all are naked and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we must give account.
Heb 4:14 Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession.
Heb 4:15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.
Heb 4:16 Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.


Heb_4:9, “there remaineth a keeping of sabbath (sabbatismos) to the people of God.” God’s rest (“My rest” Heb_4:3) was a sabbatism, so will ours be; a home for the exile, a mansion for the pilgrim, a sabbath for the workman weary of the world’s weekday toil. In time there are many sabbaths, then there shall be one perfect and eternal. The “rest” in Heb_4:8 is katapausis; Hebrew noach, “rest from weariness”: as the ark rested on Ararat after its tossings; as Israel, under Joshua, rested from war in Canaan.
Anesis (2Th_1:7), “relaxation from afflictions”. Anapausis, “rest,” given by Jesus now (Mat_11:28); but the “rest” in Heb_4:9 is the nobler “sabbath rest”; katapausis, literally, “cessation from work finished” (Heb_4:4) as God rested from His (Rev_14:13; Rev_16:17). The two ideas combined give the perfect view of the heavenly sabbath: rest from weariness, sorrow, and sin; and rest in the completion of God’s new creation (Rev_21:5). The renovated creation shall share in it. Nothing will there be to break the sabbath of eternity. The Triune God shall rejoice in the work of His hands (Zep_3:17). The Jews call the future rest “the day which is all sabbath.”

Divine institutions for
See Sabbath
Days of
Exo_23:12; Exo_34:21
The annual feasts added rest days
Lev_23:7-8; Lev_23:21; Lev_23:25; Lev_23:28; Lev_23:30-31; Lev_23:35-36; Num_28:18; Num_28:25-26; Num_29:1; Num_29:7; Num_29:12; Num_29:35
Recommended by Jesus
Mar_6:31-32; Mat_8:18; Mat_8:24
Mat_11:29; Heb_4:1-11
See Peace, Spiritual

(נוּח, nūaḥ, מנוּחה, menūḥāh, “cessation from motion,” “peace,” “quiet,” etc.; ἀνάπαυσις, anápausis, κατάπαυσις, katápausis): “Rest” in the above sense is of frequent occurrence, and is the translation of several words with various applications and shades of meaning, chiefly of the words given above. It is applied to God as ceasing from the work of creating on the 7th day (Gen_2:2 f) ; as having His place of rest in the midst of His people in the temple (1Ch_28:2; Psa_132:8, Psa_132:14); as resting in His love among His people (Zep_3:17, the Revised Version margin “Hebrew, ‘be silent’ “). The 7th day was to be one of rest (Exo_16:23; Exo_31:15; see SABBATH); the land also was to have its rest in the 7th year (Lev_25:4 f). Yahweh promised His people rest in the land He should give them; this they looked forward to and enjoyed (Deu_12:9; Jos_11:23). “To rest on” often means to come upon to abide, as of the Spirit of Yahweh (Num_11:25 f; Isa_11:2), of wisdom (Pro_14:33), of anger (Ecc_7:9). There is again the “rest” of the grave (Job_3:13, Job_3:17, Job_3:18; Isa_57:2; Dan_12:13). Rest is sometimes equivalent to trust, reliance (2Ch_14:11, the Revised Version (British and American) “rely”). Hence, rest in Yahweh (Psa_37:7, etc.); “rest” in the spiritual sense is not, however, prominent in the Old Testament. In the New Testament Christ’s great offer is rest to the soul (Mat_11:28). In Heb_4:1 ff, it is argued from God’s having promised His people a “rest” – a promise not realized in Canaan (Heb_4:8) – that there remains for the people of God “a Sabbath rest” (sabbatismós, Heb_4:9). For “rest” the Revised Version (British and American) has “solemn rest” (Exo_16:23; Exo_31:15, etc.), “resting-place” (Psa_132:8, Psa_132:14; Isa_11:10), “peace” (Act_9:31), “relief” (2Co_2:13; 2Co_7:5), etc. See also REMNANT.

(1.) Gr. katapausis, equivalent to the Hebrew word noah (Heb_4:1).
(2.) Gr. anapausis, “rest from weariness” (Mat_11:28).
(3.) Gr. anesis, “relaxation” (2Th_1:7).
(4.) Gr. sabbatismos, a Sabbath rest, a rest from all work (Heb_4:9; R.V., “sabbath”), a rest like that of God when he had finished the work of creation.

REST, n. [L. resto, if the latter is a compound of re and sto; but is an original word. See Verb.]

1. Cessation of motion or action of any kind, and applicable to any body or being; as rest from labor; rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind. A body is at rest, when it ceases to move; the mind is at rest, when it ceases to be disturbed or agitated; the sea is never at rest. Hence,

2. Quiet; repose; a state free from motion or disturbance; a state of reconciliation to God.

Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in heart; and ye shall find rest to your souls. Mat 11.

3. Sleep; as, retire to rest.

4. Peace; national quiet.

The land had rest eighty years. Judg 3. Deu 12.

5. The final sleep, death.

6. A place of quiet; permanent habitation.

Ye are not as yet come to the rest, and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you. Deu 12.

7. Any place of repose.

In dust, our final rest, and native home.

8. That on which any thing leans or lies for support. 1 Ki 6.

Their vizors clos’d, their lances in the rest.

9. In poetry, a short pause of the voice in reading; a cesura.

10. In philosophy, the continuance of a body in the same place.

11. Final hope.

Sea fights have been final to the war; but this is, when princes set up their rest upon the battle. Obs.

12. Cessation from tillage. Lev 25.

13. The gospel church or new covenant state in which the people of God enjoy repose, and Christ shall be glorified.

Isa 11.

14. In music, a pause; an interval during which the voice is intermitted; also, the mark of such intermission.

REST, n. [L. resto.]

1. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder.

Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the present comfort of having done our duty, and for the rest, it offers us the best security that heaven can give.

2. Others; those not included in a proposition or description. [In this sense, rest is a noun, but with a singular termination expressing plurality.]

Plato and the rest of the philosophers –

Arm’d like the rest, the Trojan prince appears.

The election hath obtained it and the rest were blinded. Rom 11.

REST, v.i.

1. To cease from action or motion of any kind; to stop; a word applicable to any body or being, and to any kind of motion.

2. To cease from labor, work or performance.

God rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Gen 2.

So the people rested on the seventh day. Exo 16.

3. To be quiet or still; to be undisturbed.

There rest, if any rest can harbor there.

4. To cease from war; to be at peace.

And the land rested from war. Josh 11.

5. To be quiet or tranquil, as the mind; not to be agitated by fear, anxiety or other passion.

6. To lie; to repose; as, to rest on a bed.

7. To sleep; to slumber.

Fancy then retires into her private cell, when nature rests.

8. to sleep the final sleep; to die or be dead.

Glad I’d lay me down, as in my mother’s lap; ther I should rest, and sleep secure.

9. To lean; to recline for support; as, to rest the arm on a table. The truth of religion rests on divine testimony.

10. to stand on; to be supported by; as, a column rests on its pedestal.

11. To be satisfied; to acquiesce; as, to rest on heaven’s determination.

12. To lean; to trust; to rely; as, to rest on a man’s promise.

13. To continue fixed. Isa 51.

14. To terminate; to come to an end. Ezek 16.

15. To hang, lie or be fixed.

Over a tent a cloud shall rest by day.

16. To abide; to remain with.

They said, the spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha. 2 Ki 2. Eccl 7.

17. To be calm or composed in mind; to enjoy peace of conscience.

REST, v.i. To be left; to remain. Obs.

REST, v.t.

1. To lay at rest; to quiet.

Your piety has paid all needful rites, to rest my wandering shade.

2. To place, as on a support. We rest our cause on the truth of the Scripture.

Her weary head upon your bosom rest.


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